You may have heard of psychologists who claim they can “talk” with people who have mental illness and diagnose it.
Now, a new study suggests that the claims are not backed up by solid scientific evidence.
According to a study published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, these psychoanalysts’ claims actually “don’t hold up to scrutiny.”
Researchers surveyed 7,000 people from a large sample of US residents.
They found that just 2% of the people surveyed had ever been diagnosed with a mental illness, and that only 5% of them were actually diagnosed with an underlying medical condition.
“Most of the time, [psychoanalytic] claims are based on the patient having some sort of ‘mental illness’ and then they get diagnosed,” says Sarah L. Schuster, a researcher at the University of Wisconsin, Madison who conducted the study.
“The reality is that, in the vast majority of cases, mental health conditions are not the underlying cause of these disorders.
It’s just a symptom that they’re having, and they’re suffering from it.”
A diagnosis based on symptoms and symptoms alone is not likely to reveal underlying medical conditions, says Schuster.
She also says that mental health disorders can be treated through medication, and not psychotherapy.
The researchers say that the lack of solid evidence behind these claims, combined with a lack of information on the validity of the research, means they “don´t have a good sense of how reliable psychoanalists can be at diagnosing mental illness.”
“Psychoanalytics are an effective way to get a lot of people to admit to being sick,” says Schusters.
“There’s a lot that can be learned from this kind of work.”
The study found that only about 7% of people had ever had a psychiatric diagnosis, and only 3% of these people were actually admitted to a psychiatric hospital.
“We can’t know for sure how effective these claims are in identifying patients with serious mental illnesses, especially when it comes to people who may not have any symptoms at all,” says Dr. Paul S. Dennett, a psychiatrist and professor at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City.
“They’re not going to do a great job diagnosing someone who may be very sick, but they’re certainly going to help identify people who are suffering from a mental health condition.”
It’s unclear whether or not these psychotherapists are correct in claiming to be able to diagnose mental illnesses.
However, Dennett says that if you have a mental disorder, you should be treated by a trained, licensed mental health professional.
“I would say that [psychotherapist claims] are likely to be true for a small number of people who really do have a problem, but it’s likely to not be true if you don’t have any serious mental health issues,” he says.
Psychoanalytical claims are often based on stereotypes and stereotypes often do not stand up to rigorous testing.
But Dennett cautions against taking this study too literally.
“People are generally going to make assumptions based on what they have heard and they’ll probably interpret things in a way that they feel is more comfortable,” he said.
“In that case, there’s no way to prove it because there are no good studies.”
But he points out that the study shows that, while it’s true that psychoanalsists can talk to people with mental illnesses in some cases, “these are people who don’t actually have any underlying mental illness.
And there’s a reason for that.”
He also says the research doesn’t necessarily mean that these claims aren’t valid.
“If you’re a psychotherapist, you have to have a clear idea of what you’re doing and what the risks are,” he told Mashable.
“It’s like, how much money do you spend on your practice?”
So if you think you have some kind of mental illness or are in a position to help someone with mental health problems, do not be afraid to seek out an experienced, licensed psychoanalyser.
Here’s what to do if you’ve had a mental crisis: “There are two main things to remember when it’s time to seek help: first, there are a lot more people with severe mental health challenges than people who just don’t show symptoms,” says Dennett.
If you have any questions about how to find help, contact your local crisis centre. “
You may have a lot less support for your anxiety and depression than other people do.”
If you have any questions about how to find help, contact your local crisis centre.
The Mental Health Association of Australia says that the best way to determine if someone has a mental condition is to ask the patient what they feel.
It also recommends that mental wellbeing information be shared with people before they seek treatment, because “mental health can be a very dangerous thing.”
And if you or someone you know