Psychology has long been thought of as a branch of psychology that deals with the cognitive side of mental illness, but that may be changing.
According to a new study published in the journal Psychology and Health, a growing number of researchers are exploring the cognitive aspects of mental health disorders.
Researchers in psychology are examining whether cognitive deficits are more common in people with bipolar disorder and depression than in people who do not have any mental health problems.
The study was based on data from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, a large survey of adults in the United States that collects data on the prevalence of mental disorders, including bipolar disorder, depression, and anxiety.
In the study, researchers analyzed data from a random sample of 1,077 people who completed the Comorbit Survey, a comprehensive survey that included questions about medical conditions and social-psychological functioning.
The researchers found that people who had more cognitive impairment had significantly more depressive symptoms and significantly less anxiety symptoms.
People with more cognitive deficits also had higher levels of depression and anxiety symptoms and higher levels the number of comorbid mental health conditions.
Researchers said they are interested in the links between cognitive deficits and mental health issues in general and mental illness in particular.
They noted that cognitive deficits have been associated with psychiatric illnesses like bipolar disorder in recent years.
The findings suggest that people with more severe mental illnesses have cognitive deficits, the researchers said.
“People with bipolar and other mood disorders often have higher levels and severity of cognitive impairment, but they also have higher rates of comorsbid mental disorders like anxiety, depression and major depressive disorder,” study author David W. Sperling, a professor of psychology at the University of California, San Diego, said in a statement.
In recent years, researchers have found that mental health challenges are also more common among people with major depressive disorders than in the general population.
People who are diagnosed with bipolar are often told they are suffering from a mental illness and given the option to seek help.
But, in many cases, they choose to go to psychiatrists.
The new research shows that the symptoms of mental illnesses are more commonly seen in people diagnosed with major depression, a condition that can be treated with medication, rather than a psychotherapy session.
“While the symptoms may be different, they are not the same,” said study co-author Daniela J. Riedel, a clinical psychologist at the Institute for Social Research in London.
For many people, cognitive problems can be debilitating, said Riedels co-director David J. Poulter.
People diagnosed with depression and bipolar have been known to feel overwhelmed and overwhelmed by depression, but these findings suggest people may have a lower threshold for experiencing negative emotions than people who are depressed.
“They are less likely to experience negative emotions, but their depression is still there,” Poulters said.
Poulter and his colleagues found that depressive symptoms were associated with higher levels, on average, of negative emotion and anxiety in people on medications and those who were not taking medications.
For people with depression, those who have higher symptoms also have more symptoms of anxiety, Poults said.
But those with bipolar also have a higher risk for having suicidal thoughts.
“Bipolar is an anxiety disorder, so people with that condition may experience more negative emotions and more suicidal thoughts,” he said.
A person who has a depressive episode and is experiencing suicidal thoughts, however, may also be experiencing cognitive difficulties, Poulster said.
In a separate study, the same researchers examined how people with anxiety disorders react to being in a stressful situation, and how this relates to people who have severe mental health concerns.
People with depression were also more likely to have anxiety symptoms, but those with anxiety symptoms had higher negative emotions.
People also had a lower response to a social stressor and less self-control when they were under stress, compared to those who did not have depression.
“These findings suggest depression may have cognitive limitations and a more negative impact on social cognition,” the researchers wrote in their study.
“Our findings also suggest that the negative emotion associated with depression may be associated with negative affective responses in individuals with anxiety, but not those with other mental health impairments.”
The findings are not definitive, and the researchers emphasized that more research is needed before the findings can be applied to specific mental health situations.