How to measure the impact of climate change on extinction research

A lot of research on the extinction of a species comes from studying a population’s genetic variation and how that affects their behavior.

However, new research shows that this kind of research often doesn’t measure how much extinction is occurring because it’s too small.

In a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers used a computer model to measure how the genetic variation of a population might change in response to changes in the climate.

They found that the genetic variations that are most prevalent in the Arctic were most likely to be affected by climate change.

The research also showed that the effects of climate on extinction are even more pronounced in populations with the most genetic variation, or more closely related genetic cousins. 

The paper was led by Nicholas T. Fossey, an associate professor of psychology at the University of New Mexico.

It was published in Science Advances.

“Our work shows that genetic variation can affect the extinction response in populations in which they are related, and we show that these effects can be larger in populations that are related by less genetic similarity,” Fosney said.

“We also show that this effect can be amplified by the impact that climate has on a population.” 

The researchers found that when climate changes, genetic variation changes.

In some cases, this caused genetic differences in different species to increase, and in others, this led to genetic differences that were the same as those that had been caused by climate.

Fossey’s team looked at how these effects might be changing in populations.

They were able to look at the number of genes in a population, and they found that this number was directly related to how many people were affected by the effects.

Fossa’s research has been very successful in showing how climate change affects gene flow and that this increases the frequency of genes that are shared between people.

Foesay said that the work showed how genetic variation was linked to population dynamics.

“The most surprising thing about this work is that we find that genetic differences increase over time, and that the increase is even more important when we look at population density,” he said.

“It makes sense that we would see genetic differences as the dominant cause of population structure in response a change in climate, because that’s what makes for optimal population structure.” 

In addition to genetic effects, Fosay said this research also shows that climate change has the ability to affect the population’s behavior.

When a species has a lot of genetic variation in it, it can be difficult to predict how that variation might affect its behavior.

For example, some animals are more likely to go into heat than others.

The climate also changes the way genes are spread throughout the population, so the genes that can be passed on from one generation to the next might not be as effective.

Foscas work to predict what will happen to genetic variation by looking at how the gene flow is changing.

“We are trying to identify the mechanisms that are driving the genetic changes that are occurring in the population,” Foessey said.

He said that scientists will continue to use genetics to understand the evolution of behavior, but that these results are important for understanding how to protect populations from the impacts of climate.

“When we look back to the beginning of this study, we looked at genetic effects and the effects were only going to be about 50 percent, but with our new model, we can see that the climate effect is actually going to affect 75 percent of the population.

The next 50 percent is likely going to have more genetic variation than that, and this will have an even larger impact than before.

We see that there are more genes that we can use to predict behavior and how the population is going to respond to climate change,” Foscans research concluded.

The next step in our work is to look into what this means for the extinction risk in future climate scenarios.”